Skip to content Skip to navigation

November 2006

2006年11月30日

The information contained in this summary is based on information collected by HRIC in November and is not intended as a complete list. Rather, it should be viewed as a representation of larger trends of dissent and repression in China.

Labor

Media Censorship

Petitions and Protests

Human Rights Defenders

Death Penalty



Labor

Disasters
Coal mine accidents claimed 104 lives in the period from November 5 to November 13. A State Administration of Work Safety official attributed the high toll to the push to produce unrealistic amounts of coal to meet high winter demand.[1]

Approximately 10 tons of ammonia leaked from a fertilizer factory in Hubei Province early in the morning on November 1, resulting in the death of one factory worker, and injuries to three factory workers, a firefighter, a middle school student and a pregnant woman. Some 20,000 local residents were evacuated as fire fighters sprayed water in the air to dissipate the gas. The tainted water ended up in the Huanhe River, resulting in high levels of ammonia and nitrogen in the river.[2]

A landslide trapped 16 miners inside a coal mine in Gansu Province on November 1.[3] All of the miners escaped without serious injuries.[4]

A workshop fire in Urumqi killed four people and injured four more on November 2. The fire occurred in the basement workshop of the Chenglong Craft Packaging Company, where 30 people were working. Three people died at the scene, and one died later in the hospital.[5]

The manager of the Weijiadi Coal Mine in Baiyin City, Gansu Province, was fired on November 2 following an explosion that killed 29 people at the end of October. He was the first employee to be punished for negligence at this state-owned coal mine.[6]

An explosion at the Xiaotuanshan Fireworks Factory in Yunnan Province on November 2 left one person dead, 32 injured and six missing. Fifteen of the injured were factory workers.[7] The six missing people were confirmed dead by November 9.[8]

At least 65 miners died in three separate accidents in Shanxi Province coal mines between November 3 and November 7. A blast attributed to explosives on November 3 left eight people dead and one missing.[9] Forty-seven miners died in a gas explosion at the Jiaojiazhai Coal Mine in Shanxi Province on November 5. The bodies of 17 miners were found immediately, with 30 miners reported missing, but by November 16 the bodies of all of the missing miners were recovered from the mine.[10] A flood in another mine on November 7 trapped 10 miners, all of whom were eventually found dead.[11] The mine was illegal and the owner fled after the accident.[12]

A blast that killed seven miners at Nanyang Hongyuan Coal Mine in Fudong on November 4 was believed to have been caused by miners smoking cigarettes underground. The cigarettes apparently ignited gas that accumulated when the ventilation system was turned off between shifts.[13]

Forty-seven children in Fujian Province were found to have excessive levels of lead in their blood on November 5. The contamination is believed to have originated at the Meiheng Smelting Co., Ltd., a nearby factory that had previously been order to stop production.[14]

A furnace exploded in a chemical plant in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region on November 8. Twelve workers were injured, three of them with burns on 95 percent of their bodies.[15]

Also on November 8, a gas leak in Xincheng Coal Mine in Leiyang City, Hunan Province, resulted in nine missing miners. Eight miners were eventually rescued.[16]

Nine miners died in a gas explosion at the Xinpo Coal Mine in Leiyang City, Changsha City, on November 8. Four other miners were missing, but on November 21, rescuers gave up searching for the missing men, citing high levels of gas and the lack of food and water as indicating that they were almost certainly dead.[17] The director and deputy director of the mine fled after the explosion, but families of the victims were to be offered 220,000 yuan ($25,425) each in compensation.[18]

Eight miners died as the result of a flood at the Bide Coal Mine in Libo County of the Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture on November 12. Sixteen other miners escaped.[19]

Thirty-four miners died as the result of an explosion at the Nanshan Colliery in Wangyu Village, Lingshi County, Shanxi Province, on November 13. There was no gas monitoring system or lifesaving equipment in the shaft where the explosion occurred. The mine had lost its license at the end of last year, and the owners fled without reporting the accident to the local authorities.[20]

Eight miners were trapped after a flood in the Dahenan Colliery in Dengta, Liaoning Province, on November 14. Five were rescued and there were hopes that the other three were still alive because knocking was heard from the other side of a collapsed section of the mine.[21] However, a 40 year-old miner was found dead on November 15.[22]

A gas explosion in the Yuanhua Coal Mine in Jixi City, Heilongjiang Province, left 25 dead and two missing on November 25. The families of the dead will each receive 200,000 yuan ($25,478) in compensation.[23]

Two people died in an explosion at a fireworks factory in Zhangxiutun, Hebei Province on November 25.[24]

Twenty-four people died and eight were injured after a power failure caused a gas explosion at the Luweitan Colliery in Yaodu District, Linfen County, Shanxi Province, on November 26. The owner of the mine was arrested, since the mine was operating illegally, but the manager escaped.[25]

Also on November 26, an explosion at the Lianling Coal Mine in Yongshan Town, Leping City, Jiangxi Province, resulted in the deaths of seven miners.[26]

Thirty-two miners died and 28 others were injured in an early morning gas explosion at the Changyuan Coal Mine in Housuo Township, Fuyuan, Yunnan Province, on November 26. The mine is privately owned.[27]

A gas explosion killed 11 people at the No. 1 Coal Mine in Tanshanling, Wuwei City, Gansu Province, on November 29.[28]

Disasters
On November 13, it was reported that foreign and national companies, as well as workers, were protesting the new labor law, which is to be implemented next year. The companies believe that the new law will transfer social welfare costs for employees from the government on to private enterprises, while the workers feel it does not do enough to protect their interests.[29]



Media Censorship

Reporters arrested for investigating coal mine accident
A journalist and his three assistants were reportedly arrested on November 3 in Lifen, Shanxi Province, while they were investigating the explosion at the Luweitan Coal Mine. The journalists were reportedly working for Beijing magazine Guangcha Zhoukan. The government has not released their names.[30]

Censoring television
It was reported on November 10 that China will censor "vulgar content" from television. The censored content, to be determined by the television administration, will include extramarital sex, pornography and violence.[31]

Foreign reporters to be allowed access during Olympics
A Beijing Olympics official announced on November 15 that foreign reporters would be allowed to travel freely around China during the 2008 Summer Olympics.[32]

Wikipedia unblocked, then blocked again
On November 16 it was reported that Chinese authorities had unblocked the Chinese version of the popular Internet encyclopedia Wikipedia. This move came a month after the English version of Wikipedia was unblocked. Unlike other major internet companies, the non-profit Wikipedia has refused to censor its Web site.[33] The site was reported blocked again on November 17, but it was not immediately clear whether this was due to technical problems or government action.[34]

Casino Royale approved for viewing in China
It was reported on November 17 that the latest James Bond movie, Casino Royale, passed inspection by the film board of China. This is the first Bond movie to be shown in China, which censors films containing excessive violence, sex or politically sensitive material.[35]

China's biggest porn providers jailed
Chen Hui, 28, the head of the largest pornography Web site in China, was sentenced to life in prison on November 20. Eight others were given jail sentenced ranging from 13 months to 10 years. All of those convicted were in their twenties except for one aged over 50.[36]

CCTV installed in Internet cafes

It was announced on November 23 that all Internet cafes in Beijing will have to install closed-circuit television by the end of the year to allow real-time surveillance of Internet users. The installation process already started in May 2006.[37]

Skype service restricted on mainland
It was reported on November 23 that Skype, the program that allows people to make free phone calls over the Internet, has been restricted in China. The government will not allow the company to provide calls to landlines, as state-owned China Telecom has a monopoly in China.[38]

psiphon circumvents the firewall
On November 28, it was announced that a group of political scientists, engineers and hacktivists had developed a web tool allowing users to breach government firewalls such as the one in China. The program, called psiphon, was released on December 1. For more information, see http://psiphon.civisec.org/.

AIDS documentary to air in China
Following two years of negotiations, CCTV agreed to air a western-made documentary about AIDS after the director said he would cut out comments made by the Dalai Lama. The documentary entitled "A Closer Walk" has already been viewed by 15 million people worldwide.[39]

Magazine criticized for Cultural Revolution article
A popular Chinese magazine called Lifeweek was officially reprimanded and ordered to issue a self-criticism after running an article about the 30th anniversary of the end of the Cultural Revolution.[40]

Reporters beaten
Two reporters were beaten by unidentified persons at a public hospital in Xinjiang on November 2 while trying to cover a traffic accident.[41]




Petitions and Protests

Tibetans protest in Lhasa
It was reported in November that recent college graduates in Lhasa staged a protest during the last week of October over job discrimination. The graduates claimed they were being excluded from civil service jobs, citing the fact that 1,000 Chinese and Tibetans students had applied for 100 jobs that were eventually given to 98 Chinese and only 2 Tibetans. No one was arrested or hurt in the protest, and the government announced a change in its employment policy.[42]

Shandong land dispute causes riot
Villagers in Zhang Zhuang Village, Shandong Province, detained an official inside a construction site while protesting official corruption in land compensation on November 5. Official attempts to disperse the protesters resulted in a clash between 1,000 villagers and 1,400 police officers, during which more than 20 people were injured.[43]

Riot over boy's death
A riot by 2,000 people caused the closure of the Guang'an No. 2 People's Hospital in Sichuan Province on November 11 after a three-year old boy died from ingesting farm chemicals. According to reports, doctors refused to treat the boy because his grandfather didn't have enough money.[44] According to The Epoch Times, three protesters and one police officer were killed in the clash, and 20 people were reported arrested, but these figures were not confirmed by other sources.[45]

Villagers protest land grabs
Thousands of residents of Sanzhou Village, Guangdong Province, staged a protest on November 8, preventing the official opening of a warehouse they say was built on illegally-seized land, and holding government officials and foreign guests inside the building. The foreign guests were eventually allowed to leave, but the officials were kept inside until police arrived with tear gas to disperse the protesters on November 10.[46]

Villagers protest arrest of representative
Villagers in Dongzhou Village, Shanwen City, Guangdong Province, went to the local government offices on November 9 and demanded the release of their local representative, Chen Qian. Chen was arrested after posting signs condemning an incident in December 2005 during which police opened fire on villagers. After a 10-hour standoff, officials allowed villagers into the building, but refused to release Chen.[47] The villagers reacted by taking eight officials hostage in a nearby temple until November 19, when police officers stormed the temple. The town was put under lockdown, with no Internet or road traffic access, and public spaces, including schools, shops and offices, were closed.[48]

Culling of wild boar stopped
On November 9, it was reported that a planned culling of wild boar in Heilongjiang Province was cancelled in response to a petition signed by 10,000 local residents. Officials had decided to kill 50 boars because of over-population among the boars, which had led to attacks on people and destruction of crops.[49]

Workers march in Hong Kong
Event organizers reported that approximately 700 domestic helpers from Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines took part in a protest march in Hong Kong on November 11, demanding an end to the "two week rule" and underpayment. The two week rule stipulates that foreign workers must find employment within two weeks of losing a job or else they face deportation.[50]

Protests over dog restrictions in Beijing
Approximately 100 people gathered in Beijing's Tiananmen Square on November 11 to protest the city's new "one-dog policy" (limiting pets to one per household) and the slaughter of dogs. They were quickly dispersed by riot police, but 500 people later gathered outside the Beijing Zoo, with about a dozen subsequently detained.[51] As of November 21, Huang Yong, a man who had been handing out t-shirts at the protest, was still in custody.[52]

Students protest meal price increase
Students at the Guangdong Electronic Commerce Institute threw desks, chairs, hot-water flasks and bricks out of their windows on November 16 to protest an increase from 2.5 yuan to 6 yuan for the price of a meal. School administrators refused to talk with the students, and the protest ended seven hours later after riot police were sent in. There were no reported injuries.[53]

Protests over Hu Jintao's India visit
The Tibetan Youth Congress orchestrated numerous protests against Hu Jintao's India visit during the week of November 18-25. These included a three-day demonstration/rally in Delhi in collaboration with other Tibetan groups, as well as the storming of meeting venues and the blocking of Hu's cavalcades, along with press interviews, pamphleteering, a hunger strike and a candlelit vigil.[54] More than 1,000 exiled Tibetans marched through downtown New Delhi on November 20 to protest Hu Jintao's arrival in the Indian capital later that day, but Indian officials stopped the protesters before they could reach the parliament building.[55] In addition to the Tibetans, more than 150 people from Arunachal (a part of India recently claimed by China) joined the protests.[56] It was reported on November 23 that a young Tibetan activist set himself on fire outside of the hotel where Hu Jintao was staying in Mumbai. The police tackled him to ground, put out the flames, and then arrested him and six other protesters.[57]

Motorized bike lovers protest ban
More than 250 people gathered on November 20 to protest a ban on motorized bikes in Guangzhou. Authorities claimed that the bikes were a safety hazard, but protesters insisted that they were a clean, cheap form of transportation for poor people in the city. There were also fears that the ban would result in the closure of 100 bike factories, leaving workers without jobs.[58]

Retired protestors dispersed
At midnight on November 22, police began dispersing 200 elderly individuals who had been protesting at a state-owned enterprise in Chengdu for eight months over dismissals and/or inadequate compensation. The whereabouts of two of their representatives were unclear as of November 22.[59]

Villagers take wife and son of village official hostage
Hundreds of villagers in Xichong Village, Guangdong Province, took the wife and son of a former village official hostage on November 30. The action followed the detention of 27 villagers when they turned up for a meeting to discuss payment for land they were forced to sell in 2005. Many of the detainees were newly-elected village officials.[60]




Human Rights Defenders

Harassed
Geng Ge, the daughter of human rights attorney Gao Zhisheng (高志晟), managed to telephone a reporter from her home on November 6 despite being held under close surveillance. The 13-year-old girl told The Epoch Times that she is constantly accompanied by police, is being held under house arrest, and is harassed by other students at school.[61]

Detained
Democracy activist Yao Lifa (姚立法), campaigning for a seat in his local legislature in Hubei Province, was taken in twice for questioning on November 7. The police said they were holding him because he was "disturbing the election process."[62]

Shanghai petitioners Duan Chunfang and Duan Huimin, who are brother and sister, were reported to have been detained in Beijing and forced to return to Shanghai in early November. Both were reported assaulted while in transit and detention. HRIC also received reports of abusive treatment of other petitioners detained in recent months.[63]

Petitioner Wang Guocai (汪国才) was admitted to a mental hospital for compulsory treatment against the wishes of himself and his three children on November 10.[64]

AIDS activist Wan Yanhai (万延海) was detained on November 24 and held for three days. He had been planning a symposium to help people with AIDS learn about how they could fight for their legal rights, but the symposium was cancelled following his detention.[65]

Arrested
It was reported on November 2 that Zhou Zhirong (周志荣), the organizer of a "kneeling appeal" protest in Tiananmen Square, was formally arrested more than a month after he was first detained. The protest for which he was arrested involved 32 farmers who were displaced from their land.[66]

Artist Yan Zhengxue (严正学) was formally arrest on November 15 and charged with "subversion of state power." He has been held by the police since October 18.[67]

Trial developments
Chen Guangcheng (陈光诚), the blind self-taught lawyer who was sentenced to four years and three months in jail on charges of inciting a mob, was granted a retrial on November 1 by a Shandong appeals court due to procedural irregularities in his first trial.[68] The retrial at the Yinan County Court, originally scheduled for November 20, was ultimately postponed until November 27.[69] Prior to the retrial, Chen's wife and other witnesses were reported harassed and detained,[70] and on the night before the trial, one of Chen's lawyers was assaulted by 30 people.[71] Chen's original sentence was upheld in a verdict announced on December 1.

Shanghai petitioners Du Yangming, Wang Shuizhen and Tian Baocheng were tried on November 8 and 9 in the Zhabei District People's Court on charges of "causing a disturbance" in connections with their activities around the meeting of the intergovernmental Shanghai Cooperation Organization in June. Court-appointed counsel reportedly refused to talk with family members of the defendants. No verdict had been announced by the end of November.[72]

It was confirmed on November 9 that Choekyi Dolma (曲吉卓玛), a Buddhist nun, was sentenced to three years in prison for "inciting separatism" in 2005.[73]

The Beijing Higher People's Court rejected journalist Ching Cheong's (程翔) appeal on November 24 and upheld his five-year prison term. Ching was also sentenced to deprivation of political rights for a year following release, and personal property was confiscated.[74]

It was reported on November 27 that Alimu Ahbudurimu (阿利姆), one of the sons of Uyghur activist Rebiya Kadeer (热比娅), was sentenced to seven years in prison and a fine of $62,500 on charges of tax evasion. Another son, Kahaer Ahbudurimu (卡哈尔), was also fined $12,500 but was not imprisoned. A third son, Ablikim Abdureyim (阿利克姆), who is awaiting trial, is feared to have been tortured after witnesses reported seeing him carried on a stretcher out of the Tianshan District Detention Center on November 26. It is believed that prosecutions are official retaliation against Kadeer's role in advocating human rights for Uyghurs.[75]

Released
Chen Zhonghe (陈忠和), a leader in the China Democracy Party, was released on November 8 after serving seven years in prison. As leader of the party's Hubei branch, Chen was imprisoned for "subverting state power.".[76]

"Pan-blue Alliance" member Zhang Zilin (张子霖) was released on November 22 after being detained for 15 days in relation to critical articles he posted on the Internet and for planning to organize activities commemorating the Sino-Japanese war.[77]

A South Korean named Choi Yong Hoon, who was arrested in January 2003 for helping North Koreans escape into China, was released from prison on November 28, approximately a month before completion of his three year, eleven month prison sentence.[78]



Death Penalty

Violent Crimes

Zhang Daojin (张道锦) and Zhang Wenzhu (张文柱) were sentenced to death by the Nanping Intermediate People's Court in Fujian Province on October 26 on murder charges.[79]

Jin Duosheng (金多升) was sentenced to death on vehicular manslaughter charges by the Xuancheng Intermediate People's Court in Anhui Province around November 1.[80]

Liu Xiaoping (刘小平) was sentenced to death by the Sanmenxia Intermediate People's Court in Henan Province on October 30 for sabotaging electrical facilities.[81]

Xu Jianjun (徐建军), convicted of being the leader of a triad ring that robbed and murdered two people, was sentenced to death by the Guangdong Intermediate People's Court on November 7.[82]

Zhuang Lei (庄磊) was sentenced to death on murder charges around November 8.[83]

Zhang Xianguang (张显光) was sentenced to death by the Shenyang Intermediate People's Court in Liaoning on November 9 on murder and other charges. Zhang said he would appeal.[84]

Liu Xuexin (刘学新) was sentenced to death by a court in Shenyang, Liaoning Province around November 9 on murder charges.[85]

Zhang Yunfei (张云飞) was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Huhhot Intermediate People's Court in Inner Mongolia on robbery and murder charges.[86]

Cheng Hongwei (程宏伟) was executed on November 10 after the Haozhou Intermediate People's Court in Anhui Province sentenced him to death on rape and murder charges.[87]

Lu Dongming (卢东溟) and Lu Kuan (卢款), convicted of staging bomb attacks that killed two people, were sentenced to death by the Hefei Intermediate People's Court in Anhui Province around November 14. Lu Kuan said he would appeal the verdict.[88]

Wang Weijian (王伟坚) and Yang Jinfu (杨金富) were executed on November 14 after the Zhejiang Higher People's Court affirmed their death sentences on murder charges.[89]

Zhang Zhenju (张振举), a former prosecutor convicted of murder, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Handan Intermediate People's Court in Hebei Province around November 22.[90]

A court in Heilongjiang Province secretly executed Xu Shuangfu (徐双富), Li Maoxing (李毛兴) and Wang Jun (王军), leaders of an underground Christian sect, as well as nine followers in November. The men were convicted of murdering members of a rival religious group, Xu's lawyer said. The US-based Christian Aid Association reported that Li's wife learned of the executions only when the court instructed her to retrieve his cremated remains on November 27. The organization alleged that local officials secretly cremated the bodies in order to conceal evidence of torture.[91]

Drug smuggling

Zhang Shulin (张树林) and five others were sentenced to death by the Luzhou Intermediate People's Court in Sichuan Province on November 21 on drug smuggling charges.[92]

Economic crimes

Wu Zhenhan (吴振汉), convicted of bribery, was sentenced to death with a two-year reprieve by the Beijing No. 2 Intermediate People's Court on November 9.[93]


//



ENDNOTES

[1] "Coal mine accidents claim 104 lives in past eight days." Xinhua News Agency, November 13, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[2] "One Dead, 20,000 Evacuated in Ammonia Leak." Xinhua News Agency, November 1, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[3] "16 Miners Trapped After Landslide in NW China." Xinhua News Agency, November 1, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[4] "16 miners leave hospital in NW China." Xinhua News Agency, November 2, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[5] "4 dead, 4 injured in far W China workshop fire." Xinhua News Agency, November 2, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[6] "Manager sacked following coal mine gas blast in NW China." Xinhua News Agency, November 2, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[7] "32 injured, six still missing in SW China fireworks factory blast." Xinhua News Agency, November 4, 2006, .

[8] "7 confirmed dead in Yunnan fireworks blast." Xinhua News Agency, November 9, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[9] "Eight dead, one missing in north China mine blast." Xinhua News Agency, November 3, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[10] "47 confirmed dead in north China colliery gas blast." Xinhua News Agency, November 16, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[11] "10 miners confirmed dead in Shanxi flooded coal mine." Xinhua News Agency, November 9, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[12] "3 bodies found at flooded coal mine, 7 remain trapped." Xinhua News Agency, November 8, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[13] "Cigarettes trigger fatal coal mine blast in Jilin." Xinhua News Agency, November 6, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[14] "47 children confirmed with excessive lead in E. China." China Daily, November 5, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn.

[15] "Chemical plant blast injures 12 in Ningxia." Xinhua News Agency, November 8, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[16] "Nine missing after gas leak in C China." Xinhua News Agency, November 8, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[17] "Search for missing miners abandoned." Xinhua News Agency, November 21, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[18] "Death roll from central China colliery explosion rises to 9." Xinhua News Agency, November 15, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[19] "At least 65 killed in coal mine accidents in China." The Hindu, November 14, 2006, ; "Eight dead in southwest China colliery flood." Xinhua News Agency, November 16, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com

[20] "25 dead in coal mine blaze; owners flee." China Daily, November 14, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn; "34 confirmed dead in N China colliery fire." Xinhua News Agency, November 15, 2006.

[21] "Coalmine flood traps 8 in Liaoning, 5 survive." Xinhua News Agency, November 14, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[22] "One dead in NE China colliery flood that traps 8." Xinhua News Agency, November 15, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[23] "Death toll rises to 25 in NE China coal mine gas explosion." Xinhua News Agency, November 28, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[24] "Explosive blast kills two, injures one in N. China." Xinhua News Agency, November 25, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[25] "Six coal mine blast victims discharged from hospital in N China." Xinhua News Agency, November 28, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[26] "Hidden bodies bring East China mine blast death toll to seven." Xinhua News Agency, November 29, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[27] "Coal mine gas blast occurs in SW China." Xinhua News Agency, November 26, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[28] "11 dead in NW China colliery gas blast." Xinhua News Agency, November 29, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[29] "Labour contract law draws protest from every side." Xinhua News Agency, November 13, 2006, http://biz.scmp.com.

[30] "Journalist reportedly arrested for "illegal interviews" with coal miners after accident." Reporters Without Borders, December 1, 2006.

[31] "China to censor vulgar content from its television screens." China Daily, November 10, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn; "Web tool called Psiphon has found a better way to circumvent government censors." International Herald Tribune, November 29, 2006, http://www.iht.com

[32] "Official: Accredited journalists can report in China." China Daily, November 16, 2006, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn.

[33] "China lifts Wikipedia ban, but some topics remain blocked." The New York Times, November 16, 2006, http://www.nytimes.com.

[34] "Wikipedia back offline after brief easing of ban." SCMP, November 18, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[35] "'Casino Royale' meets standards of China's strict film board." All Headline News, November 17, 2006, http://www.allheadlinenews.com.

[36] "Creator of China's largest porn Web site jailed for life." Xinhua News Agency, November 22, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[37] "北京年内所有网吧将安装监控摄像头 (All Internet Cafes in Beijing to Install CCTV by December 2006)", Jinghua Times (via Sina.com), November 23, 2006, http://news.sina.com.cn.

[38] "Skype Service Restricted in China." The Epoch Times, November 23, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[39] "China TV to air AIDS film minus Dalai Lama." SignOnSanDiego.com, November 30, 2006, http://www.signonsandiego.com.

[40] "Chinese magazine criticized for article." Business Week, November 30, 2006, http://www.buisnessweek.com.

[41] "新疆两记者采访遭殴打 (Two Reporters Beaten for Trying to Cover Traffic Accident in Xinjiang)", China Youth Daily, November 09, 2006, http://zgb.cyol.com.

[42] "Tibetans Stage Rare Public Protest in Lhasa." Phayul.com, November 8, 2006, http://www.phayul.com.

[43] "Villagers riot over land dispute in Shandong." SCMP, November 15, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[44] "Chinese residents riot, attack hospital." Associated Press, November 13, 2006, http://news.yahoo.com.

[45] "Police Kill Three Students During Riot in Sichuan, China." The Epoch Times, November 13, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[46] "Police clash with villagers holding 'corrupt' officials." SCMP, November 10, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[47] "Two Thousand Villagers Urge Freedom for Representative." The Epoch Times, November 13, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[48] "Police Storm Temple, Ending Standoff in South China." Radio Free Asia, November 19, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[49] "Public petition halts government wild boar cull in NE China." Xinhua News Agency, November 13, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[50] "Hundreds of maids march in HK for better rules." China Post, November 14, 2006, http://www.chinapost.com.tw.

[51] "China's middle class howling in protest over crackdown on dogs." Mercury News, November 21, 2006, http://www.mercurynews.com.

[52] "T-shirt man still being held after dog protest." SCMP, November 21, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[53] "Students riot over 3.5 yuan meal price rise." SCMP, November 17, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[54] "Weeklong TYC Relay Hunger Strike concludes." Phayul, November 25, 2006, http://www.phayul.com.

[55] "Tibetan exiles protest visit of President Hu to India." SCMP, November 20, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[56] "Arunachalis Join Tibetans in Protest Against Chinese President." Phayul, November 20,2006, http://www.phayul.com.

[57] "Tibet activist sets himself afire." CNN, November 23, 2006, http://edition.cnn.com.

[58] "Ban on powered bikes draws fire." SCMP, November 21, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[59] "数千警察驱散南光厂维权老工人(Elderly Protestors Dispersed by Police Officers in Chengdu)", Radio Free Asia, November 21, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[60] "Angry Villagers Take Officials Hostage in Southern China." Radio Free Asia, December 1, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[61] "Gao Zhisheng's Daughter's Cry for Help." The Epoch Times, November 6, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[62] "Outspoken Chinese democracy activist taken away by police on eve of elections." International Herald Tribune, November 8, 2006, http://www.iht.com.

[63] "Three Shanghai Petitioners go to Trial, Others Abused in Detention," Human Rights in China, November 7, 2006, http://www.hrichina.org.

[64] "上访村民被送进精神病院 (Petitioner Wang Guocai Forcibly Admitted to Mental Hospital in Anhui)", The Beijing News, November 09, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com.

[65] "Prominent Chinese AIDS activist missing for 3 days returns to work." International Herald Tribune, November 28, 2006, http://www.iht.com.

[66] "'Kneeling Appeal' Organizer Formally Arrested." The Epoch Times, November 2, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[67] "Renowned Artist Arrested for His Opinions." The Epoch Times, November 17, 2006, http://www.theepochtimes.com.

[68] "Appeals Court Overturns Blind Chinese Activist's Guilty Verdict." Radio Free Asia, November 1, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[69] "Chinese blind activist to be re-tried Nov. 20, wife says." International Herald Tribune, November 16, 2006, http://www.iht.com; "Blind activist's retrial put back without explanation." SCMP, November 21, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[70] "Fairness issues dog blind lawyer's trial." SCMP, November 20, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[71] "Retrial of blind Chinese activist who documented forced abortions ends without verdict." International Herald Tribune, November 27, 2006, http://www.iht.com; "Wife of Attorney for China Forced Abortion Opponent Beaten by Police." LifeNews.com, November 27, 2006, http://www.lifenews.com; "Chinese activist's wife detained," BBC, November 29, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk; "Witnesses prevented from appearing at Chen Guangcheng retrial," Human Rights in China, November 27, 2006, http://hrichina.org.

[72] "Three Shanghai Petitioners go to Trial, Others Abused in Detention," Human Rights in China, November 7, 2006, http://www.hrichina.org.

[73] "Tibet: Sentence for Tibetan Nun Confirmed." UNPO, November 9, 2006, http://www.unpo.org.

[74] "Court rejects journalist Ching Cheong's appeal, confirms five-year prison term." IFEX, November 28, 2006, http://www.ifex.org.

[75] Uyghur Human Rights Project, "Rebiya Kadeer's son sentenced to seven years; another fined; another feared tortured ," November 27, 2006; "China jails Uighur activist's son." BBC, November 27, 2006, http://news.bbc.co.uk.

[76] "Democracy campaigner freed after 7 years."SCMP, November 13, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[77] "中国泛蓝联盟湖南负责人张子霖获释 (China Democracy Party Member Chen Zhonghe Released from Jail)", Radio Free Asia, November 23, 2006, http://www.rfa.org.

[78] "NK Refugee Supporter Released in China." Daily NK, November 30, 2006, http://www.dailynk.com.

[79] "福建男子连杀五名的哥练胆 欲血洗警察全家 (Two Men Sentenced to Death in Fujian for Murdering 5 Cab Drivers)", People's Daily, November 06, 2006, http://society.people.com.cn.

[80] "安徽一司机驱车轧死一执勤交警被判死刑 (Driver Sentenced to Death for Vehicular Manslaughter of Policeman in Anhui)", Xinhuanet, November 01, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[81] "流窜三省破坏电力设备 犯罪团伙成员被判刑 (Man Sentenced to Death in Henan on ‘Sabotaging Electrical Facilities' Charges)", Xinhuanet, November 05, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[82] "流窜广州半年作案16起致两人死亡 色劫团伙首犯一审判死刑 (Triad Leader in Guangzhou Sentenced to Death on Murder and Other Charges)", Nanfang City News, November 08, 2006, http://www.nanfangdaily.com.cn.

[83] "劫杀女网友获死刑 (Murderer of Internet Friend Sentenced to Death in Beijing)", The Beijing News, November 08, 2006, http://news.thebeijingnews.com.

[84] "沈阳"1•18"案主犯张显光领死刑 (Man Sentenced to Death on Murder and Robbery Charges, Will Appeal)," Legal Daily, November 10, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn.

[85] "In Brief: Man Sentenced to Death for Butchering 7 Women", SCMP, November 10, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[86] "内蒙古一大学生因抢劫杀人一审被判死缓 (College Student Sentenced to Death with Two-Year Reprieve on Murder and Robbery Charges)", Xinhuanet, November 13, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[87] "请人护送遭强奸杀害 "同行恶魔"被执行死刑 (Man Sentenced to Death in Anhui on Murder and Rape Charges)", Xinhuanet, November 13, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[88] "In Brief: Internet Cafe Bombers Handed Death Sentence", SCMP, November 14, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[89] "雇凶杀人富豪被执行死刑 (Rich Man in Zhejiang Executed for Ordering a Murder)", Legal Daily, November 17, 2006, http://www.legaldaily.com.cn/.

[90] "检察官砍死情妇被判死缓 其丈夫表示将继续上诉 (Prosecutor Sentenced to Death with Two-year Reprieve in Hebei for Murder)", Xinhuanet, November 22, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[91] "Christian Sect Leader Secretly Executed", SCMP, November 30, 2006, http://china.scmp.com.

[92] "四川泸州特大贩毒案一审宣判 5毒枭被判死刑 (Five Drug Dealers Sentenced to Death in Sichuan)", Xinhuanet, November 22, 2006, http://news.xinhuanet.com.

[93] "湖南省高级法院原院长吴振汉一审被判处死缓 (Former President of Hunan Higher People's Court Given Death Sentence with Two-year Reprieve on Corruption Charges)", EastDay.com, November 10, 2006, http://news.eastday.com.